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专题学术讲座
8月28日北大学术讲座——Nahum Sonenberg
发布时间:2017-08-15关键字:

 生命科学联合中心

 

学术报告

 

TitleTranslational Control of Cancer and Neurodevelopmental diseases via eIF4E

Speaker   Nahum Sonenberg, Ph.D.

Gilman Cheney Professor

McGill University, Canada

Department of Biochemistry and the Goodman Cancer Research Centre

Fellow of The Royal Society of Canada, Academy of Science

Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Time2017-8-28(周一),10:00am-11:30am  

Venue北京大学新生物楼邓佑才报告厅

Host伊成器 北大-清华生命科学联合中心

Translational control plays a critical role in essential cellular processes including cell growth, proliferation, development, and learning and memory.  Under most circumstances, translational control is exerted at the initiation step in which the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) interacts with the mRNA 5’cap structure to facilitate the recruitment of ribosomes and promote translation. Importantly, eIF4E preferentially stimulates the translation of a subset of mRNAs. The activity of eIF4E is regulated chiefly by two major signalling pathways: PI3K/Akt/mTOR and Ras/MAPK/Mnk. mTOR directly phosphorylates the 4E-BPs (eIF4E-binding proteins), which are inhibitors of eIF4E, to relieve translational suppression, while Mnk phosphorylates eIF4E to stimulate translation. Aberrations in these pathways result in dysregulated eIF4E activity, which engenders tumorigenesis and neurological disorders such as autism and Fragile X syndrome.

 




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